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Europe and global governance

The concept of global governance is quite blur, which makes it scientifically difficult to apprehend and use. Thus Leonard et al. [1] try to make the concept clearer and give a scientific definition of it in order to be able to grasp the concept and use it in an effective way. The notion of global governance describes a range of observable and related phenomena that are used to explain the transformation of the « international system ». According to Rosenau « Global governance is conceived to include systems of rules at all levels of human activity -from the family to international organization- in which the pursuit of goals through the exercice of control has transnational repercussion ». Four elements are important in this definition : the system of rule, the levels of human activity, the pursuit of goals and transnational repercussion. 
 Global governance can be analyzed as a concept that gives a definite view over world politics that differs from « inter -national » relations because it involves more and new actors than just national States.
In global governance, international governance and transnational actors have an equal « ontological » status, none is set above the other. Global governance does not only focus on actors but also takes into account rules, standards, norms that constrain and structure social activity. Thus is to say it focuses on the conditions that enable social activity and not just on the actors.

The new « international system » leads us to the question to know what role the EU plays in this redefined context, Gareis et al. [2]. The EU has a particular construction, and is a new kind of actor in global governance. The EU lies somewhere between « intergovernmental and supranational cooperation ». The EU is a community of 28 Sovereign States that try to perform as a unified actor to pursue common polices and goals at an international level. It thus has a number of new roles and policies that were previously attached to sovereign States. EU has a diverse contribution to global governance and international relations. Europe sure has an economic and commercial power, but it’s political and strategic power are uncertain, it seems the EU is looking for it’s role in the global governance. EU has a certain form of power in the global governance world order, a new kind of power. Power in a sens a an « ability to shape the world and pull potentially hostile blocs into a collaborative orbit based on a shared set of values ».
EU can be considered as a regional actor. Regionalism is a structural and multidimensional feature of the global governance. But EU is not the only regional actor, they are other regional cooperations such as ASEAN, MERCOSUR. Still the fact that EU has a supranational law and strong institutions make it a particular actor regional cooperation differing from the latter ones.
EU will not become a classical, military and nuclear power such as the USA, Russia or China. Because the complexity of it’s construction does not enable it and that the EU in it’s globally does not wish for it. As explained by M. Leonard the lack of vision is the key of the EU’s strength and it is essential in the way is was constituted. « To this day Europe is a journey without a final destination » However being a military « super-power » implies having a common goal and vision on how to deal with a particular situation.
During the formation of the EU, the most important was to have small principles that shifted towards always more solidarity. So Europe is no military « super-power », because it is not meant to be so in it’s goals and construction since it’s formation. It is based on cooperation and not build as an international community. Plus a military process in a Europe of 28 is quite impossible, each country having different views. We saw this during the war in Irak in 2003, some countries chose to follow the Americans whereas others refused. If Europe had a unique military strategy all countries would have to share a common unique strategy. According to me, EU as a military « super-power » is not wished for, in this sense, the President of the Commission Jean-Claude Juncker call for the creation of a European army on the 8th March 2015 to face Russia is not a solution to the crisis in Ukraine. Since the rejection of the European Defense Community Europe has not been able to create an army, the EU only engaged itself in collaborations.
EU is building up a certain world order in line with the principles it carries forward, for example the Kyoto Treaty, the International Criminal Court. EU is « building and modernizing the global institutions ». The EU’s main goal which it has largely achieved is peace-making and the imposing of certain standards.

The EU is a moving global actor, in a moving global governance system where things are constantly changing [i]. In my opinion, the EU should turn towards the world politics, and not be a super power, but a regional group, making the multilateralism principle the essential component of it’s international action. In this way the diversity of countries that constitute Europe would be a good point. Because each region forming Europe build particular relations to diverse regions in the world. This enables Europe to occupy an original, influent and new space in the international stage.

Aix-en-Provence, Fabienne, 02/05/2015
[i] http://www.atlantico.fr/decryptage/pourquoi-idee-jean-claude-juncker-ressortir-projets-armee-europeenne-cartons-est-vraie-piste-pour-reanimer-europe-traumatisee-2033351.html
[1] Leonard, M. 2005 ‘Why Europe Will Run the 21stCentury?’, NY: PublicAffairs, pp: iv-xvi; 9-19.

[2] Gareis et al 2013 ‘Introduction’, in Gareis et al(eds.) ‘The European Union – A Global Actor?’, Opladen/Berlin/Toronto: BB Publishers, pp:7-11
Article rating: 1.00
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The bigger picture

Seemingly there are two distinct EUs; one institutional, rather complicated structure and another EU which is the EU perceived by its citizens.
Whereas the former one is probably called the technocrats' world, the latter one is very much empty. The technocrat EU is nothing else than any other nation's administrative world (as outlined exemplarily in the article) and constitues of a necessary requirement.

But, and there is my argument the perceptional Europe constitues of a sufficient requirement for the EU to function.

NB, necessary and sufficient are mathematical expressions in the sense of A => B (necessary) and A <= B (sufficient), so that technocrat-EU <=> perceptional-EU are both required and depend upon each one.
Comment not yet rated
Aix, Araldh, July 18, 2015 14:36

What does it mean to be European?

Albeit some ups and downs, the EU was embraced with enthusiasm for decades, until it a few years ago. Since the beginning of 2000s the pace has slowed, if not reversed.
house Remarkably, it is a US Government site that gets quite strongly the bottom of things with the conclusion that Europe will stall if its citizens don't find the answer to the question "what does it mean to be European?". Europeans are proud of the Shakespears, Göthes and Michelangelos but that alone and the absence of war will not hold the EU together.

We have no answers to the question either. Policy and the European institutions do have their role, but they cannot provide for the framework of living together.
bridge The answer to the above question must be given by the citizens of the EU, which requires Europeans knowing of each other, not on the headline news level, but through the daily grape wine. What does a person in Southern Finland, say, need from someone in the North of Spain, why should a Bavarian visit the South of Romania?
At the current rate of things, Europeans would get to terms in about 'two thousand years '.
This site helps to learn from each other and collectively, we might find the answer to "what does it mean to be European? ''

Freiburg, Harald, 21/07/2014
Article rating: 3.33
(3 ratings)

pay or not pay your taxes

I have heard a very good idea.
TRansform Greece in an paradise like Bermudes, like this we will have no problem with money , no accusation like "you don't pay your taxes"... It will be a lovely place near us (nicer than Luxembourg) to go to see our bank account.
:-)
Comment not yet rated
AIX EN PROVENCE, NADAIX, February 14, 2015 07:18

Culture is not about Money

Reply to Nadaix: the new Greek government is only saying (although with a lot of noise and polemics) that poverty cannot be defeated with less money. Other countries will give into that irrevocable, basic argument and a compromise will be found. It is only about money - culture and European identity are not at stake when people compete about money.

But right: younger people might indeed find it boring to travel to, say Barcelona or Copenhagen and are much more keen to get their thrills in New York or Tokyo. I don't know why, but is this detrimental to the European idea or identity? The other way round: go to New York or Tokyo and state that you're from Europe - people will not be content with the answer and query further for "which country?". I tried it many times around the world - always the same effect.
Comment not yet rated
Freiburg, Harald, February 4, 2015 19:54

Being european and visiting europe

In light of the events with Greece , we are not european !
I thought if our teenager still go to visit Europe by train .
On my side teenager are much attracted by Usa our Asia than closer country. I hope it is not true.
Comment not yet rated
AIX EN PROVENCE, NADAIX, February 1, 2015 09:23

Missing frameworks

Well spot gap; but shouldn't politics provide for the framework in terms of exchanges (information, transport, education, etc.)?
Comment rating: 3.50 (2 ratings)
Madrid, Peter, July 22, 2014 13:24
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